Articles Related To Civil Engineering

January 18, 2020
Construction of Residential Building

Specially, talking about the middle class family, construction of a house is the one time investment of life. Once invested can’t be brought back. It is certain that one wants to construct his/her dream house as better as possible. Every individual has an aim to make own building and dwell in there. But since it’s […]

January 7, 2020
Factors that Govern to bid a tender going below In Nepal

            Every year we hear construction works are ongoing throughout the world. All such projects are first gone through the bidding procedure where number of parties speaks their bids. Construction bidding is the process of submitting a proposal (tender) to undertake , or manage the undertaking of a construction project. On bidding a tender the […]

September 23, 2019
Damage prognosis of Nepalese Masonry Building

Authors’ info: PRAKASH SITIKHU ,BE Civil Engineering, MSc. in Structural BHARAT PRADHAN ,BE Civil Engineering, MSc. in Structural AbstractNepal is seismically active country. After the earthquake in 2015 (Mw 7.8), many buildings were damaged fully or partially and URM buildings were the most damaged type throughout the country. This article presents the damage […]

September 15, 2019
New macro element modelling technique for URM infill wall with openings under seismic action

Frame structures with URM infill is one common construction type in Nepal and other regions of the world. Although, full infill wall can be considered by using equivalent diagonal strut, it is challenging for structural engineers to take into account the presence of openings in the infill wall during the seismic design of buildings. Few macro models have been developed to address this problem, but they are either too complicated to use or they create anomaly due to huge variation in the results. A new macro modelling technique is introduced here for URM infill wall with opening where the infill wall is discretized with the help of rigid elements. The discretized infill zone is represented by pair of diagonal link elements and the presence of opening is considered by removing the diagonal link in the zone of opening. The proposed model can be used for nonlinear static analysis of RC/steel framed building with masonry infills in earthquake prone regions like Nepal.